Past Perfect Tense
What is Past Perfect Tense Indefinite Tense
Definition and meaning of present indefinite tense :
On this page, you’ll find detailed information about the past perfect tense. We have covered the meaning, rules, structure, and various types of past perfect tense followed by examples to enhance your understanding.
The past perfect tense tells about an action that occurred or completed long time ago in the past. It also tells about something that happened before a certain time or event in the past. We use helping verb ” Had ” and then add the past participle ( third form ) of the main verb ( like “eaten” or “gone” )
ऐसी कोई भी घटना या कार्य जो भूतकाल में ही आरंभ होकर भूतकाल में ही समाप्त हो चुका था । इन वाक्यों के अंत में चुका था , चुकी थी , चुके थे इत्यादि शब्दों का उपयोग होता है । उदाहरण के लिए : मेरे विद्यालय पहुँचने से पहले ही परीक्षा समाप्त हो चुकी थी ।
Note : Action finished first is written in past perfect tense and action finished later is written in past indefinite tense.
Specific usage of Before and After in past perfect tense :
- Before : “Before” is often used with the past perfect to indicate an action that happened prior to a particular point in the past.
For example: “I had completed my homework before the class started.”
- After : “After” can be used to express an action that happened subsequent to another event in the past.
For instance: “He had left the party after I arrived.”
Examples of Scenarios and Sentences:
Scenario: Event A and Event B in the Past
- Sentence: After I had finished my dinner, I went for a walk.
Scenario: Event A in the Past and Event B before Event A
- Sentence: Before they arrived, she had already left.
Scenario: Event A, B, and C in the Past
- Sentence: She had studied for her exams, watched a movie, and then went to bed.
Scenario: Event A and Event B in the Past with Emphasis on Sequence
- Sentence: John had already left when I arrived at the party.
Past perfect tense sentence + Before + Past indefinite tense sentence
उदाहरण के लिए :
मोहन के विद्यालय पहुँचने से पहले परीक्षा समाप्त हो चुकी थी ।
पहली घटना : परीक्षा का समाप्त होना
दूसरी घटना : मोहन का विद्यालय पहुँचना
परीक्षा पहले समाप्त हुई ( पहली घटना) अतः उसे past perfect tense में लिखेंगे और मोहन बाद में विद्यालय पहुँचा ( दूसरी घटना ) अतः उसे past indefinite tense में लिखेंगे ।
The exam had finished before Mohan reached the school.
Past indefinite tense sentence + After + Past perfect tense sentence
उदाहरण के लिए :
गीता के मंदिर पहुँचने के बाद वर्षा आरंभ हो चुकी थी ।
पहली घटना : गीता का मंदिर पहुँचना
दूसरी घटना : वर्षा का आरंभ होना
गीता मंदिर पहले पहुँची ( पहली घटना) अतः उसे past perfect tense में लिखेंगे और वर्षा बाद में आरंभ हुई ( दूसरी घटना ) अतः उसे past indefinite tense में लिखेंगे ।
The rain started after Geeta had reached the temple.
Rules Of Positive / Affirmative Sentences In Past Perfect Tense :
Subject + Helping/Auxiliary Verb ( Had ) + Third form of Main Verb + Object
Example : बच्चे मैदान में फुटबॉल खेल चुके थे । - Children had played football in the ground.
Exercise with answers :
Mohan had drunk water.
Students had gone to the school.
Mother Kaikayi had sent Shri Ram on exile.
Children had completed their home work.
Radha had brought water from the temple.
I had gone to the market.
Sarita had gone to library.
Citizens had practiced Yog Pranayam in the morning.
Mohan had lost his watch.
Amrita had gone to the fair before Radha arrived home.
We had booked our tickets BEFORE vacation started.
The train had left the platform BEFORE Mohini reached the station.
Students stopped making noise in the class AFTER the teacher had arrived.
Mahesh finished his food AFTER he had reached home.
Mohini broke the glass AFTER she had lost the match.
Rules Of Negative Sentences In Past Perfect Tense :
Subject + Helping/Auxiliary Verb ( Had ) + Not + Third form of Main Verb + Object
Example : बच्चे मैदान में फुटबॉल नहीं खेल चुके थे । - Children had not played football in the ground.
Exercise with answers :
Radha had not purchased the book BEFORE I gifted her.
Varun had not accepted his mistake BEFORE the coach advised.
The patient had not died BEFORE the doctor arrived.
I did not forget to take the medicine AFTER you had suggested.
Seeta did not water the plants AFTER mother had advised.
Vijay had not accepted the defeat BEFORE he sat in the examination.
We had not completed our task BEFORE the last month finished.
Bhupendra had not learnt multiple languages BEFORE he graduated.
Rohan had not fallen from the roof BEFORE the bell rang.
We had not lost our precious time BEFORE the drama started.
We had not finished the food BEFORE the relatives arrived.
He did not inform me about the exam AFTER the teacher had left.
They did not move their project in the forward direction AFTER the chief guest inspected it.
Nitika did not return my phone AFTER the marriage had finished.
Students did not go to play in the ground AFTER it had rained.
Rule : Auxilliary/helping verb ( Had ) + Subject + Third form of Main Verb ( past participle ) + Object
Had you washed the car before Deepawali ?
Had manager sent the report before the meeting started ?
Did you meet the doctor After you had reached the hospital ?
Had Manoj taken mental health treatment before his health deteriorated ?
Did Seema exercise After you had given instructions ?
Had you finished the food before I went to office ?
Had you reached the airport before it rained ?
Had teacher gave instructionsBefore the exam finished ?
Had you read The Mahabharat before you went abroad ?
Had tree leaves fallen Before autumn arrived ?
Had you cleaned your home before Navratri started ?
Had Saraswati learned karate Before she went to the school ?
Had Clark seen Tejo Mahalaya Before he visited Ayodhya Ji ?
Had King Anangpal constructed Lal Kot Before the looters came ?
Did citizens clean the nation After Prime Minister had started the drive ?