Present Perfect Tense

What is Present Perfect Tense

On this page, you’ll find detailed information about the present perfect tense. We have covered the meaning, rules, structure, and various types of present perfect tense followed by examples to enhance your understanding.

कोई भी घटना या कार्य जो भूतकाल में आरम्भ हुआ और वर्तमान काल में अभी अभी संपन्न हुआ हो । इन वाक्यों के अंत में चुका है, चुके हैं, चुकी है , किया है, कर लिया है, गया है इत्यादि शब्दों का उपयोग होता है ।

उदाहरण : मोहन पानी पी चुका है , श्याम विद्यालय गया है , सूर्य देव पूर्व से उदय हो चुके हैं !

Present perfect tense definition :

  • The present perfect tense is utilized to express actions or events that initiated in the past but have ongoing relevance or impact on the present. 
  • It suggests a link between past experiences and the current state of affairs, underscoring the outcome, result, or overall duration of the action
  •  It is used to convey actions or events that started in past and has been completed recently in present.

Present perfect tense rules :

1. Affirmative sentence :

Subject + Helping/ Auxiliary Verb ( Has / Have ) + Third Form of Main Verb + Object

Case 1 : If subject starts with I, you, we, they or any plural then we use Have as a helping verb.

Example : मैं दिल्ली जा चुका हूँ । - I have gone to Delhi.

Case 2 : If subject starts with he/ she/ it or any singular then we use Has as a helping verb.

Example : मोहन पुस्तक पढ़ चुका है । - Mohan has read the book.

2. Negative sentence :

Subject + Helping/ Auxiliary Verb ( Has / Have ) + Not + Third Form of Main Verb + Object

Example : विद्यार्थीयों ने उनका ग्रह कार्य पूरा नहीं किया है - Students have not finished their home work.

3. Interrogative sentence :

Helping/ Auxiliary Verb ( Has / Have ) + Subject + Third Form of Main Verb + Object

Example : क्या लोग कबड्डी खेल चुके हैं - Have people played kabaddi ?

Present perfect tense exercise with answers :

Following are the present perfect tense sentences with solutions. These sentences also include present perfect tense in hindi language which helps everyone to practice and master this tense.

1. Affirmative sentence :

2. Negative sentence :

3. Interrogative sentence :

2. Negative sentence :

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